Yoga is like an ocean. So first doing yoga gets you ready (to know of the higher truth). If you are miserable, you do yoga to get out of your misery and this is first step.
The second is, if you are very restless or very unhappy, yoga brings you that equanimity.
The third step, it helps you to attain skills that you do not have, because it is action which brings you happiness or sorrow. And if you are skillful in action, then your action will only bring you happiness, or less misery.
So for what are you doing yoga, you to decide?
There is a fourth step to yoga, which is to take you to the ultimate knowledge. So the 6th chapter is all about yoga. How to meditate, how to sit straight and do pranayama and be immersed in consciousness.
In the end of the 6th chapter Lord Krishna says, 'Among the yogis, the one who keeps me in his mind is the greatest'.
So he just said a little bit in the end and left it.
Maiyy asakta-manah Partha yogam yunjan mad-ashrayah. Asamsayam samagram mam yatha jnasyasi tach-chrnu
'The greatest of the yogis is one who is interested in me. So first I will tell you about the yogi who takes interest in me, and who is interested in the highest knowledge. I will tell you how he gets to know things when he takes refuge in me. Then I will tell you who I am, later on'.
I will tell you the complete knowledge, knowing which there is nothing else to be known.
Jnanam te'ham sa-vijnanam idam vaksyamy asesatah. Yaj jnatva neha bhuyo 'nyaj jnatavyam avasisyate
He then explains:
'What is this' is science, and 'Who am I?' this is of the spirit, and they both are complementary. The subject and the object, both need to be understood.
See, if the mind is all foggy, then you can't see what is there. If I ask you, 'How many paintings are in this room'.
You will say, 'I have not noticed Gurudev'. But if you are sharp and alert you will say, 'Look, there are 12 painting on the ceiling'. So, the keenness of observation indicates the level of our consciousness. Yoga expands and uplifts the consciousness, and when the consciousness is uplifted then the knowledge gets very clear and well-founded.
So once you know this there is nothing else to be know, because in this state there is perfect intuition.
Manusyanam sahasresu kascid yatati siddhaye. Yatatam api siddhanam kascin mam vetti tattvatah
Bhumir apo 'nalo vayuh kham mano buddhir eva cha. Ahamkara itiyam me bhinna prakrtir ashtadha
It is the self which is saying: through which everything has been formed, in which everything remains, and into which everything goes back, I am that. I am the Earth, I am Water, I am Air, etc.
Apareyam itas tva anyam prakrtim viddhi me param. Jiva-bhutam maha-baho yayedam dharyate jagat
He talks about that ONE consciousness which everything is made up of. See how many bodies are sitting here. Everybody has a mind, a consciousness, and a life-force in it. Now put all these life forces together; not just human but the animals and everything together, and see, there is a ocean of life (I am that ocean).
Etad-yonini bhutani sarvanitya upadharaya. Aham krtsnasya jagatah prabhavah pralayas thata
Raso 'ham apsu Kaunteya prabhasmi sasi-suryayoh. Pranavah sarva-vedesu sabdah khe paurusam nrsu
Any sensitive and sensible person, sees someone else and thinks, 'That person is just like me', and so they don't want to harm others. Why should you not harm others? That is because it is the same as you harming yourself because they are part of you (like your arm is part of your body).
Bijam mam sarva-bhutanam viddhi partha sanatanam. Buddhir buddhimatam asmi tejas tejasvinam aham
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