What is Pitta Dosha? 

Pitta is derived from the root word ‘tapa’ which means ‘to heat’. Pitta in body comprises basic elements of both heat (fire/ agni) and moisture (water/ jala). Its fluid nature renders it mobility.

The seven qualities of pitta are described in the Ayurveda text, Ashtanga Hrdayam: Sutrasthana as:

‘pittaṃ sasneha tīkṣṇoṣṇaṃ laghu visraṃ saraṃ dravam’

Pitta is slightly oily, penetrating, hot, light, odorous, free-flowing, and liquid. Pitta drives metabolism or transformation. Pitta governs digestion, maintenance of body temperature, visual perception, colour and complexion of the skin, intellect and emotions. An imbalance in the pitta dosha gives rise to unhealthy physical and emotional patterns such as:

Pitta Dosha Symptoms

1. Physical symptoms of pitta dosha

  1. Increased hunger and/or thirst
  2. Infection
  3. Greying and/or loss of hair
  4. Hormonal imbalance
  5. Giddiness and/or migraines
  6. Hot flashes and want for substances that have a cooling effect on the body
  7. Bad breath/body odour
  8. Sore throat
  9. Nausea upon missing meals
  10. Insomnia
  11. Tenderness in breasts/testicles
  12. Heavy or painful menstrual bleeding

2. Behavioural symptoms of pitta dosha

  1. Impatience
  2. Frustration
  3. Inflated Ego
  4. Overly goal/result oriented
  5. Resentment
  6. Jealousy
  7. Judgemental
  8. Sense of instability
  9. Perfectionist tendencies

A balanced pitta dosha fosters the ability to pursue intentions and goals, increased focus, problem-solving abilities, and confidence.

Causes of pitta dosha imbalance

  1. Eating pitta aggravating foods (pungent, sour, salty, very spicy, deep-fried, processed, red meat)
  2. Consuming caffeine (coffee), black tea, nicotine (smoking), alcohol and other stimulants
  3. Too much exposure to the sun (can turn the campfire into a forest fire)
  4. Emotional stress
  5. Overworking and/or under resting

Effects of Pitta dosha imbalance:

  1. Heartburn
  2. Sunburns, eczema, dermatitis, acne
  3. Acid reflux, peptic ulcers
  4. Fever
  5. Blood clots and strokes
  6. Kidney infections
  7. Hyperthyroidism
  8. Jaundice
  9. Acute inflammation in joints (arthritis)
  10. Diarrhoea
  11. Chronic fatigue syndrome
  12. Poor vision or blindness
  13. Autoimmune disorders
  14. Obsessive-compulsive disorders/ depression

Home remedies for pitta dosha

1. Tend to your diet

Consume pitta pacifying foods (bitter, astringent, sweet tasting food). Milk, ghee, butter are good pitta pacifiers. Prefer sweet fruits over the sour ones. All the sweeteners except honey and molasses can be consumed

Here are 5 simple recipes to balance pitta imbalance

2. Choose a middle path

Balance activity and rest. Neither indulge too much in activity nor indulge too much in rest. Here are some Dinacharya Tips To Optimise Health And Restore Natural Rhythm. 

3. Enjoy the good things

Take regular meals and spend some time with nature and in good company.

4. Meditate 

Meditation calms the mind and reduces emotional stress which causes Pitta imbalance. So, it is advisable to meditate on a daily basis. You can learn how to meditate in the Online Meditation & Breath Workshop.

5. Practice Some Yoga asanas & Pranayama

The following yoga postures help in pacifying a pitta imbalance:

  • Cat stretch (Marjariasana)
  • Child’s posture (Shishu asana)
  • Moon salutation (Chandra namaskara)
  • Chair posture (Utkatasana)
  • Cobra posture (Bhujangasana)
  • Superman posture (Vipareeta Shalabhasana)
  • Seated forward bend (Pashchimottasana)
  • Half boat posture (Ardha naukasana)
  • Half shoulder stand (Ardha sarvangasana)
  • Bridge posture (Setubandhasana)
  • Corpse posture (Shavasana)

6. Take Ayurvedic pitta dosha medicines

Following are some ayurvedic pitta dosha medicines that can restore pitta balance. Please note that either of these medicines should be taken after the consultation of a trained Ayurvedic doctor:

  • Amlapittari vati (for hyperacidity)
  • Avipattikar churna (digestive problems, hyperacidity)
  • Yashtimadhu (for acid peptic diseases)
  • Nishamalaki (anti-allergic)

The solution to feeling jealous or frustrated and conditions like chronic fatigue, acid reflux and heartburn is the same: putting your pitta dosha in balance.

You can avail therapies that balance pitta dosha at Sri Sri Ayurveda Hospital or Panchakarma Center.